Could there be anything better than a hot, fresh brewed cup of coffee? As you open that can of pre-ground coffee from your store shelf did you even know that coffee comes in different roasts? And did you know you can roast your own coffee beans? If you think that the aroma of your fresh ground coffee beans can’t be beat, get a home coffee roaster and you’ll be in java heaven.
Roasting coffee beans is what imparts flavor
Similar to the making of a fine wine or a hand rolled cigar, some consider the roasting of coffee beans an art. Those that describe coffee use some of the same vocabulary they use to describe wine. Depending on the roast level chosen, the beans take on different flavor characteristics. The lighter the coffee bean the less flavor it will have, the darker the coffee bean the stronger the flavor it will have.
Roast can be divided in four main categories. Light roast (American), medium roast (breakfast), dark roast (french) and darkest roast, which is known as Italian or Espresso. Each type of roast imparts a different appearance to the coffee beans.
A light color and dry appearance indicate an American roast. A medium roast will give the bean a rich brown color and an oily appearance. French roasted beans (dark roast) appear very dark brown and quite oily. The darkest roast, also known as Espresso, will produce black beans.
Roasting Coffee Beans can easily be done in your home. Depending on the type of roast you prefer, roasting time vary between five and fifteen minutes. Green beans are available online from a number of sellers, as are coffee roasters. You can try different types of green beans to see which you like best. Drum roasters are very popular for use in the home. It’s best to consider purchasing a roaster as it will give you the most consistent finish to your beans. Some try to roast beans in frying pans, some use hot air popcorn poppers. Even if these methods will eventually roast the beans, they cannot produce a bean with a nice finish, and in the long run you are probably better off purchasing a real coffee roaster.
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